1. A real privacy law in America.
It should be illegal to give my personal information away without my express permission. It's absolutely sickening that my banks and credit cards are selling information about me.
Furthermore, it should be illegal to require personal information for marketting purposes in exchange for discounts. eg. stores that ask for your phone number when you check out, stores that use "club cards" to compell you to give your personal info, etc.
Nobody should be able to check your credit report without your explicit permission. eg. when some credit card company goes to ping your credit info, it should email you and say "is this allowed?" and you can just say no.
2. An academic journal that's free, peer reviewed, and gives the writers full ownership of their own work.
2.A. Information should be free. There's no reason for technical papers to be anything but online, so the costs are near zero, so there is absolutely no excuse for charging money for it. The only paid position is the editor, and that could easily be supported through donations.
2.B. Peer review is important to weed out junk. I would go further actually, I don't think the typical academic peer review structure is good enough. I'd like an organized way for other experts to post official counter arguments or addenda. The best journal I've ever seen is the Physical Review, in which you would frequently see a paper, and then a small counter-paper right after it.
2.C. It's absolutely sickening that major publishers take away the rights of the author. Authors would retain all rights to reproduce, distribute, whatever they want (however, the full free access to the paper could never be revoked).
2.D. I would like to see every paper start with a declaration of whether the authors or their organization have (or will try to get) patents on the described technique. This would also be a spot where they could state that they will not ever patent the work described, or they could donate the work to the defensive patent collection described next.
3. A viral defensive patent collection. I've written about this before, but the idea in brief is to create a pool of patents which is "viral" like the GPL is. That is, you can use absolutely any patent in the pool, if and only if you do not own any patent that is outside the pool. If you don't comply, then the patents in the pool cost money, and that money pays for administration of the pool and law suits against violators and so on. This is probably not realistic due to the necessity of corporations to cross-license, eg. even if someone like Google wanted be altruistic and do this, they can't because they need a patent portfolio to make cross-license arrangements with the other fuckers.